The food industry in the United States has long been plagued by racial disparities.
In 2013, the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that white women earned on average $14.76 an hour while Asian American men earned on an average of $16.03 an hour.
In 2014, the same BLS reported that Asian American women earned $15.72 an hour and white women $17.18 an hour, respectively.
And yet, in 2017, a white woman earned more than a black woman and a black man.
A study published last year in the Journal of Experimental Economics found that Asian Americans, for instance, make up a higher proportion of food industry workers than do black or Hispanic workers.
“The white female, even in an economic sense, is still the face of the industry and the face that we have in the restaurant industry,” said Michelle Wong, an assistant professor of sociology at Rutgers University and co-author of the study.
Wong said she and her co-authors had to make the difficult decision of finding a solution that would make the food industry better for everyone.
Wong and her colleagues surveyed the industry’s workers to find out how they felt about food industry diversity.
They asked them to provide their first and last names and the gender and race of their employees.
Then, they looked at their pay.
The authors found that, in addition to a higher pay for women, they were more likely to get paid a lower wage.
Wong’s team also surveyed the workers’ colleagues to see how they viewed diversity in the industry.
They found that white female managers, who hold a disproportionate amount of power in the field, had more positive attitudes toward diversity and less negative attitudes toward it.
And they also found that female managers were more open to diversity in their own field, and less likely to take steps to make it happen.
But Wong said that the most important thing that they could find is that they see it as a way to improve the work force and create more opportunities for people of color in the future.